Book of the dead

Book of the dead
    The best known of the funerary 'books' of the New Kingdom. These were written on papyrus or leather rolls and placed in the tombs of the wealthy, providing them with a series of spells to ensure their safe passage into the next world. The magical potency of the words was reinforced by illustrations—coloured vignettes in the New Kingdom and line drawings in the Late Period. In addition to the Book of the Dead, other texts included the 'Book of Gates' and the 'Book of Amduat ('that which is in the underworld'). Ultimately, all these texts had been derived from the Pyramid Texts—the magical spells inscribed on the interior walls of some of the Old Kingdom pyramids.
Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

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